Co-occurring Features and conditions
Tics are the primary symptom of Tourette Syndrome (TS); yet 85% of the TS population will also experience co-occurring features and conditions. These can be just as, if not more, challenging to manage than tics.
In order to understand and best support people living with TS it is vital to acknowledge - aside from tics - other associated features and conditions and the potential impact they may have.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
ADHD is the most commonly co-occurring condition with Tourette Syndrome. ADHD is defined as a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness; that interferes with functioning or development.
ADHD factsheet coming soon
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
OCD is an anxiety-related condition where a person experiences frequent obsessional thoughts and/or compulsions that cause serious distress.
OCD factsheet coming soon
Anxiety is an emotion which gives the person an unpleasant feeling of tension and apprehension. It often arises in response to a perceived threat, or it’s triggered by a specific stressful event. Anxiety is a common and healthy emotion; however, when anxiety is persistent, interferes with normal routines, and does not go away with reassurance and comfort, it is classified as an anxiety disorder.
Anxiety factsheet coming soon
Anger control problems affect a significant number of people with TS. We have worked with Tara Murphy, Consultant Clinical Psychologist at Great Ormond Street Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, to develop a practical information document about managing anger with TS.
Depression and Tourette Syndrome
Many people feel sad or depressed if they are experiencing something upsetting or stressful. Usually these feelings are short lived, but if the feeling of sadness continues, and it starts to interfere with daily life, this could be a sign of clinical depression.
Some studies have shown an increased rate of depression in adults with TS; however it is not clear whether the depression is as a result of the tic disorder or a response to the difficulties experienced living with the condition.
If you are feeling depressed you should visit your doctor to discuss how they can help you. You can also read about the condition on the NHS website.